AUA Summit - Urologic Conditions

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    Prostate cancer is when cancer forms in the prostate gland. It is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the U.S. About 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.

    When children urinate without control while they sleep, it is called nocturnal enuresis. It’s also known as bedwetting.

    Testicular Torsion is when tissues around the testicle (also known as the “testis”) are not attached well. This can cause the testes to twist around the spermatic chord. When this happens, it cuts off the blood flow to the testicle. It can cause pain and swelling, and should be treated as an emergency.

    While benign (non-cancerous) tumors in the adrenal gland are very common, cancers in or around this gland are very rare. They are found in only 1 or 3 per 1 million people. These tumors can give off too much cortisol or other hormones.

    People can mean a lot of different things when they say they have "advanced" prostate cancer. They can mean that their prostate cancer has spread outside of the prostate but only to tissue near the prostate (like seminal vesicles). Prostate cancer that has not spread far can be called "locally advanced prostate cancer."

    An adrenal mass is an abnormal growth that develops in the adrenal gland. It’s unclear why these masses form. They can develop in anyone of any age, but they are more common in older individuals.

    Every hour of every day, a baby is born and can easily be identified as a boy or girl. But how distressing it must be when suddenly the birth attendants are unable to say whether the baby is a boy or a girl? This rare situation is usually unanticipated, and can be a difficult experience for all concerned. What causes this condition? What can be done? The following information has been developed to answer questions about ambiguous genitalia.

    Angiography is the x-ray imaging of blood vessels using a contrast agent (dye). The dye makes the blood vessels visible with an x-ray.

    Antegrade pyelography uses special contrast agent (dye) to produce detailed X-ray pictures of the upper urinary tract (kidney and ureter). It is commonly used to diagnose conditions including hydronephrosis, ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction and obstruction of the ureters.

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty, when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man’s life. As you age, your prostate may get larger. Benign prostatic hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase.